Terrestrial Information Systems (619) Local News Archive

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Pagán Honored on International Women's Day

On International Women’s Day, Dr. Brianna Pagán (619/ADNET), Lead Development Engineer at the NASA GES DISC, was selected as one of “15 Women Shaping the Future of Earth Science” by the Radiant Earth Foundation.

Savtchenko and Hill-Beaton Publish GES DISC Article

Andrey Savtchenko (619/ADNET) and Lauren Hill-Beaton (619/ADNET) published an article on the NASA's Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) website, “February/2023 Global Surface Air Temperatures and Precipitation: Monthly Assessment of Anomalies and Extremes in Global Surface Air Temperatures and Precipitation.” The news article shows anomalies and extremes for these data variables around the world with data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) Surface Temperature and Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for Global Precipitation Measurement (IMERG) precipitation data.

Black Marble Products in Washington Post Ukraine Feature

Analysis by Ranjay Shrestha (619/SSAI) using NASA's Black Marble products was featured in The Washington Post interactive article “When Ukraine Goes Dark.” The article highlights how communities adapt to living in darkness and shows the day-to-day toll of war in the country away from the front line. The nighttime light image analysis was for three major Ukranian cities – Kyiv, Kharkiv, and Dnipro.

Black Marble Featured On BBC: Conflict in Ethiopia

The Black Marble team contributed images to the BBC to track power outages in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. The ongoing conflict in this region has resulted in severe suffering for the civilian population, who, on top of the direct casualties of war, have endured lack of food, a collapse in banking and communication systems, and destruction of infrastructure necessary to meet basic human needs. To illustrate lack of access to electricity, our team created a Black Marble High Definition time-lapse video showing lights over Mikelle, Tigray,—one of the main urban areas—for each month since the conflict started in November 2020. The video highlights the persistent loss of power for Mikelle’s residents and on-going load shedding as a management strategy. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-63315388

FIRMS Adds New Near Real-Time Landsat Product for the US, Canada, and Mexico

NASA LANCE’s Fire Information for Resource Management (FIRMS) added near real-time Landsat Fire and Thermal Anomalies (LFTA) product for the continental U.S., the southern half of Canada, and the northern half of Mexico. This provides 30-meter active fire detection data within 30–60 minutes of observation. The LFTA product is based on multispectral imagery acquired by the Operational Land Imagers (OLI) aboard the Landsat 8 and Landsat 9 satellites. The OLI’s 30-meter resolution provides active fire detection data with 1,000 and 160 times finer spatial resolution than MODIS and VIIRS, respectively, and its enhanced capabilities allow it to detect active fires as small as approximately four-square meters during the day. For more information see: https://www.earthdata.nasa.gov/learn/articles/firms-lfta-data

New CEOS-ARD Product Family Specifications

The new Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Analysis-Ready Data (ARD) Product Family Specification (PFS): Nighttime Light Surface Radiance has been endorsed and is now available on the CEOS-ARD Website. This effort was coordinated by Brian Killough (LARC-D2) with technical contributions from Zhuosen Wang (619/UMD), Bhaskar Ramachandran (619/SSAI), and Miguel Román (619/Leidos). NASA’s Black Marble Nighttime Lights product suite is a prime example that both serves and meets the requirements of this ARD specification.

Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory hosts SED Director's Seminar

Join the Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory on October 7, 2022 at 12:00 pm EDT, hosted by NASA’s Earth Science Division's Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory.
  • Jenny Hewson (619/SSAI), Otmar Olsina (619/GST) – "Leveraging NASA's Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) for Active Fire Mapping in the U.S. and Canada"
  • Alexis Hunzingerr (619/ADNET) – "Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) User Engagement for Cloud Services"
calendar invite

Request for Information: NASA's Terra, Aqua, and Aura Drifting Orbits Workshop

The Science Mission Directorate (SMD) Request for Information (RFI) via NASA Solicitation and Proposal Integrated Review and Evaluation System (NSPIRES) seeks input from the science community that will be considered in the development and implementation of a Terra, Aqua, and Aura (T, A &A) Drifting Orbits workshop planned for later this calendar year. NASA Headquarters Earth Science Division (ESD) requests input from the science community addressing 1) science that is uniquely enabled by observations during the period of orbital drift and 2) the benefits to and impact on current societal applications.

The RFI seeks information for planning purposes only. NASA does not intend to award a contract or assistance, i.e., grant or cooperative agreement, funding at this time. As stipulated in FAR 15.201(e), responses to this notice are not considered offers and cannot be accepted by the Government to form a binding contract.

The most recent Senior Review for NASA’s Earth science operating missions (available at: https://science.nasa.gov/earth-science/missions/operating) discussed the aging Terra, Aqua, and Aura spacecrafts and recommended further study of science possibilities near their lives’ end. All three satellites currently have sufficient remaining propellant to continue operations for a few more years, but the amount of propellant is insufficient in each case to maintain the platforms in controlled equatorial Mean Local Time (MLT) polar orbits. This orbital drift suggests that, for many purposes, the future observations will have reduced scientific and application value compared to data from fixed MLT orbits.

RFI responses should address the potential for new, unique science made possible with the observations provided by the orbital drift of the platforms. All responses to this RFI must be submitted in an electronic format only via NSPIRES, the official NASA source for the full text of the RFI. In the event of a lapse in NASA operations, please visit http://nspires.nasaprs.com/.

Please email questions and comments concerning this RFI to the point of contact’s email address and use in the subject line: “NASA’s T, A & A Drifting Orbits Workshop RFI Question/Clarification.”

Depending on the nature of the question(s), NASA may respond on an individual basis by email or may post questions and answers (Q&A) of broad interest or general clarification on the RFI’s NSPIRES landing page. Posted Q&As will be edited to preserve the submitter’s anonymity. The following email address is not to be used for RFI response submissions; any RFI submissions made via email will not be considered.

Note: Please visit NSPIRES and carefully review the RFI’s full text and any Q&As before emailing.

Number: NNH22ZDA018L Release Date: September 08, 2022 Response Date: October 11, 2022 Short Direct URL:https://go.nasa.gov/NH22ZDA018L
Lucia Tsaoussi

The Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory and Global Change Data Center Merge to Form New NASA Office

In August 2022, the Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory and the Global Change Data Center merged to form a new office in the Earth Science division at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. While the new office maintains the name, “Terrestrial Information Systems Laboratory,” the merger presents more opportunities to collaborate, supporting Earth science research and innovation across different science disciplines (atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere science).

The new office produces, archives, and distributes important atmospheric data products from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD and is home to three data centers, the Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) and the Ocean Biology DAAC (OB.DAAC). These data centers are three of twelve NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) data centers that provide Earth science data, information, and services to research scientists, applications scientists, applications users, and students. LAADS DAAC and GES DISC primarily provide atmospheric data, with LAADS DAAC providing data focused on clouds and aerosols, while GES DISC primarily distributing atmospheric composition, precipitation, and climate variability data. The Ocean Biology DAAC (OB.DAAC) processes ocean biology data from the Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Visible Infrared Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), Ozone Mapping Profiler Suite (OMPS), and Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM). Additionally, the new office also supports the Precipitation Processing System (PPS) which processes satellite radar data to measure precipitation globally.

The new office oversees programs including the Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS), Ozone Monitoring Instrument Data Processing System (OMIDAPS), and the Land, Atmosphere Near-real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE). These programs provide essential data for monitoring natural hazards around the world, helping people prepare and respond to natural hazards, like fires, floods, and food security, using satellite data to aid in decision making.

NASA GLOBE Land Cover Challenge 2022: Land Cover in a Changing Climate

The Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program invites you to take part in our upcoming Land Cover Challenge: “Land Cover in a Changing Climate.”

The photos you take using The GLOBE Program’s GLOBE Observer app document the current land cover and may also show evidence of land cover or land use change in the area. We especially encourage you to look for places you know have changed (or where you know change is coming), and put any information about the reasons or timing for that change in the field notes section. While existing land cover databases (such as the 50-year record from the Landsat satellite) may be able to indicate where change is happening, they don’t always include the reasons why those changes occurred, so any local, on-the-ground knowledge you share with us can be especially helpful.

New Combined Aqua and Terra MODIS Cloud Properties Product

NASA's Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive & Distribution System Distributed Active Archive Center (LAADS DAAC) released a new Combined Aqua and Terra MODIS Cloud Properties product that was produced by the Atmosphere Science Investigator-led Processing System (SIPS) at the University of Wisconsin. The LAADS DAAC including Bhaskar Ramachandran (619/SSAI), Asad Ullah (619/SSAI), and its web development team including Jose Galdamez (619/GST) and Greg Ederer (619/GST) helped release these products with support from the MODIS Atmosphere Science Team. This product is part of the combined Aqua and Terra MODIS Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project Observation Simulator (COSP) Package v6.2.

2021 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers

Several 610 researchers were named to the annual list identifying scientists and social scientists who produced multiple papers ranking in the top 1% of citations for their field and year of publication. Congratulations to Matthew Rodell (610), Ben Cook (611), Alex Ruane (611), Alexei Lyapustin (613), Joanna Joiner (614), Douglas Morton (618), Benjamin Poulter (618), and Eric Vermote (619) for being named to this year's list.

FIRMS Leads Agency Website Traffic

NASA’s Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), led by Diane Davies (619/SSAI), was the most visited NASA website July 29–30, 2021. FIRMS which is part of NASA’s Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE), and managed by LANCE MODIS/MODAPS, is being used to track wildfires and smoke across the US and Canada. In January, NASA and the U.S. Forest Service launched a new instance of FIRMS, specifically for the US and Canada. This new system, FIRMS US/Canada expands the existing active fire mapping capabilities with additional map layers ownership boundaries, fire danger ratings and incident reports. The FIRMS US/Canada also appeared in the top 10 most viewed NASA websites. Key team members include Otmar Olsina (619/GST) and Greg Ederer (619/GST), as well as Karen Michael (586) who leads the LANCE activity that FIRMS is part of.

Black Marble Products Illuminate Texas Power Outages

The NASA Black Marble Products were utilized to monitor the impact of the recent winter storm in Texas. It was reported that 4 million customers across the state were without power, including 1.4 million in the Houston area. The nighttime light images produced by the Black Marble team, using the standard and high-definition Black Marble products, helped identify these widespread power outages within the neighborhood scale in the Houston area. These results were highlighted by the NASA Earth Observatory and NASA Earth, in addition to being covered by numerous news media outlets including The Washington Post.

FIRMS US/Canada Launched

NASA and the US Forest Service launched a new active fire mapping application. Code 619 developers of the NASA Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), have partnered with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service to create “FIRMS US/Canada"; a new service that delivers web-based active fire mapping tools and capabilities for disseminating data, products, and services for the U.S. and Canada.

Pahlevan Interviewd by la Republica

Nima Pahlevan (619/SSAI) was interviewed by la Republica, a major Italian newspaper. The interview focused on the utility of satellite data in identifying changes in surface water quality conditions induced by 2020's COVID-19 lockdown. Pahlevan discussed Goddard’s contribution to the tri-agency’s COVID-19 Dashboard and how changes in water quality conditions could be discerned from space via Landsat-8 and Sentinel-2 data. The news article titled “The lockdown seen from the satellite, from Venice to New York: thus nature has recovered its spaces” was published on January 3, 2021.

Pahlevan Discussed Covid-19 Impacts on Environment with NPR

Nima Pahlevan (619/SSAI) participated in an American Geophysical Union (AGU) press conference and panel discussion titled “Impacts of Covid-19 on People and the Environment, as Seen From Space." National Public Radio's Morning Edition interviewed Pahlevan about this research.

2020 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers

Several 610 researchers were named to the annual list identifying scientists and social scientists who produced multiple papers ranking in the top 1% of citations for their field and year of publication. Congratulations to Matthew Rodell (610), Gregory Faluvegi (611/CU), Alexei Lyapustin (613), Joanna Joiner (614), Jeffrey Masek (618), Douglas Morton (618), Benjamin Poulter (618), and Eric Vermote (619) for being named to this year's list.

Vermote Named Highly Cited Researcher

Congratulations to Eric Vermote for being named to the 2020 Clarivate Web of Science Highly Cited Researchers List. Recipients are recognized for their exceptional research influence, demonstrated by the production of multiple highly cited papers that rank in the top 1% by citations for field and year in Web of Science.

Version 2 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) Earth System Data Record (ESDR) Released

The GES DISC and the NASA Goddard Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory released a new Version 2 of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) Earth System Data Record (ESDR). The data are based on Backscatter Ultraviolet (BUV) measurements from the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) Nadir Mapper (NM), flown on the NASA/NOAA Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite.

Two CrIS/VIIRS Collocated Datasets Released

The Cross-Track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) L1B development team at the University of Wisconsin, the Visible Infrared Image Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Atmosphere Science Investigator-led Processing System (SIPS) at the University of Wisconsin, and the Jet Propulsion Lab Sounder SIPS jointly released two CrIS/VIIRS collocated datasets for the Sounder science community's research needs. These datasets are termed an IMG (imager collocation) product. The initial IMG products are only available for S-NPP (Suomi-National Polar-orbiting Partnership), but NOAA-20 (known prelaunch as the Joint Polar-orbiting Satellite System-1, JPSS-1) datasets will also be produced upon availability of the upstream VIIRS cloud mask. Additional information can be found here and here.

Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) Carbon Flux Version 2 Product Released

The GES DISC released Version 2 of the Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) Carbon Flux data sets. These 6 new datasets contain global estimates of various components of the carbon cycle, constrained by satellite observations, produced CMS-Flux carbon cycle data assimilation system. Version 2 of this dataset extends the record from 2010 through 2016.

Earth Matters Blog: NASA, ESA, and JAXA Provide Global Observations of COVID-19 Impacts

NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) have joined forces to create the COVID-19 Earth Observation Dashboard. The web platform combines the collective scientific power of the agencies’ Earth-observing satellites to document changes in the environment and society in response to the pandemic.

Version 2 Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) SO2 Product Release

Available at GES DISC, the new product features several updates that significantly improve data quality over clouds, over background areas, and over snow/ice. The 15+ year OMI SO2 data record is the longest among the same type of sensors, and will continue to provide global monitoring of important anthropogenic and volcanic sources of SO2.

Bahamas in the Dark after Dorian

NASA's Black Marble Products (619) were utilized to conduct damage assessments of outage impacts from Hurricane Dorian to aid various partners who were working with local stakeholders to deliver emergency supplies to the Bahamian people. The power outage maps generated using the product were also highlighted in The Washington Post.

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