Andrea M Molod

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Andrea M Molod

  • Rsch AST, Climate and Radiation Std
  • 301.614.6845
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 610.1
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Publications

    Refereed

    Stanfield, R. E., H. Su, J. H. Jiang, et al. S. R. Freitas, A. M. Molod, Z. J. Luo, L. Huang, and M. Luo. 2019. "Convective entrainment rates estimated from Aura CO and CloudSat/CALIPSO observations and comparison with GEOS‐5." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2019JD030846 [10.1029/2019jd030846]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, R. M. Kovach, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The roles of climate change and climate variability in the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season." Scientific Reports, 8: [10.1038/s41598-018-34343-5]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, Y. Chang, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The impact of SST-forced and unforced teleconnections on 2015/16 El Nino winter precipitation over the western United States." Journal of Climate, 31 (15): 5825-5844 [10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0218.1]

    Eastham, S. D., M. S. Long, C. A. Keller, et al. E. Lundgren, R. M. Yantosca, J. Zhuang, C. Li, C. J. Lee, M. Yannetti, B. M. Auer, T. L. Clune, J. Kouatchou, W. M. Putman, M. A. Thompson, A. L. Trayanov, A. M. Molod, R. V. Martin, and D. J. Jacob. 2018. "GEOS-Chem High Performance (GCHP v11-02c): a next-generation implementation of the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model for massively parallel applications." Geoscientific Model Development, 11 (7): 2941-2953 [10.5194/gmd-11-2941-2018]

    Freitas, S. R., G. A. Grell, A. Molod, et al. M. A. Thompson, W. M. Putman, C. M. Santos e Silva, and E. P. Souza. 2018. "Assessing the Grell-Freitas Convection Parameterization in the NASA GEOS Modeling System." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, [10.1029/2017ms001251]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9 (7): 2545-2560 [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Barahona, D., A. Molod, and H. Kalesse. 2017. "Direct estimation of the global distribution of vertical velocity within cirrus clouds." Scientific Reports, 7 (1): 6840 [10.1038/s41598-017-07038-6]

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate, 30: 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Kouatchou, J., T. L. Clune, B. M. Auer, J. E. Nielsen, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Parallel Performance Analysis of Two Infrastructure Frameworks for GMI Chemistry." American Meteorological Society’s Third Symposium on High Performance Computing for Weather, Water, and Climate,

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate, 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate, 29: 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Holt, L. A., M. Joan Alexander, L. Coy, et al. A. Molod, W. Putman, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Tropical waves and the quasi-biennial oscillation in a 7-km global climate simulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73: 3771–3783 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0350.1]

    Ott, L. E., B. N. Duncan, A. M. Thompson, et al. G. Diskin, Z. Fasnacht, A. O. Langford, M. Lin, A. M. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, S. E. Pusede, K. Wargan, A. J. Weinheimer, and Y. Yoshida. 2016. "Frequency and impact of summertime stratospheric intrusions over Maryland during DISCOVER-AQ (2011): New evidence from NASA's GEOS-5 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., [10.1002/2015jd024052]

    Coy, L., K. Wargan, A. M. Molod, W. R. McCarty, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Structure and Dynamics of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in MERRA-2." J. Climate, 29:14: 5339-5354 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0809.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, S. M. Nowicki, et al. J. N. Lee, A. M. Molod, R. I. Cullather, and B. Zhao. 2016. "Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland ice sheet surface mass variations: Insights from MERRA-2." Environmental Research Letters, 11 (2): [10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024002]

    Molod, A., H. Salmun, and M. Dempsey. 2015. "Estimating Planetary Boundary Layer Heights from NOAA Profiler Network Wind Profiler Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32 (9): 1545-1561 [10.1175/jtech-d-14-00155.1]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., A. M. Molod, L. E. Ott, and S. Pawson. 2015. "Impact of planetary boundary layer turbulence on model climate and tracer transport." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15 (13): 7269-7286 [10.5194/acp-15-7269-2015]

    Molod, A. M., L. L. Takacs, M. J. Suarez, and J. Bacmeister. 2015. "Development of the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model: evolution from MERRA to MERRA2 ." Geosci. Model Dev., 8: 1339-1356 [10.5194/gmd-8-1339-2015]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate, 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., and A. M. Molod. 2014. "Comparison of GEOS-5 AGCM planetary boundary layer depths computed with various definitions." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14 (13): 6717-6727 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-14-6717-2014]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2014. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev., 7: 1733-1766 [10.5194/gmd-7-1733-2014]

    Lyapustin, A. I., M. J. Alexander, L. E. Ott, et al. A. M. Molod, B. N. Holben, J. Susskind, and Y. Wang. 2014. "Observation of mountain lee waves with MODIS NIR column water vapor." Geophys. Res. Lett., 41 (2): 710-716 [10.1002/2013GL058770]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2013. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard earth observing system model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 6: 5289-5373.

    Blackburn, M., D. L. Williamson, K. Nakajim, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): CONTROL SST Simulation." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 91A (0): 17-56 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A02]

    Williamson, D. L., M. Blackburn, K. Nakajima, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P. Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): Response to Changed Meridional SST Profile." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 91A (0): 57-89 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A03]

    Molod, A. M., M. J. Suarez, and G. Partyka. 2013. "The impact of limiting ocean roughness on GEOS-5 AGCM tropical cyclone forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (2): 411-416 [10.1029/2012GL053979]

    Lewis, J. R., E. J. Welton, A. M. Molod, and E. Joseph. 2013. "Improved boundary layer depth retrievals from MPLNET." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118 (17): 9870-9879 [10.1002/jgrd.50570]

    Zhang, M., C. S. Bretherton, P. N. Blossey, et al. P. H. Austin, J. T. Bacmeister, S. Bony, F. Brient, S. K. Cheedela, A. Cheng, A. D. Del Genio, S. R. De Roode, S. Endo, C. N. Franklin, J.-C. Golaz, C. Hannay, T. Heus, F. A. Isotta, J. L. Dufresne, I.-S. Kang, H. Awai, M. Koehler, V. E. Larson, Y. Liu, A. P. Lock, U. Lohmann, M. F. Khairoutdinov, A. M. Molod, R. A. Neggers, P. Rasch, I. Sandu, R. Senkbeil, A. P. Siebesma, C. Siegenthaler-Le Drian, B. Stevens, M. J. Suarez, K. M. Xu, K. von Salzen, M. J. Webb, A. Wolf, and M. Zhao. 2013. "CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5 (4): 826-842 [10.1002/2013MS000246]

    Garfinkel, C. I., L. D. Oman, E. A. Barnes, et al. D. W. Waugh, M. M. Hurwitz, and A. M. Molod. 2013. "Connections between the Spring Breakup of the Southern Hemisphere Polar Vortex, Stationary Waves, and Air–Sea Roughness." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (7): 2137-2151 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0242.1]

    Molod, A. 2012. "Constraints on the Profiles of Total Water PDF in AGCMs from AIRS and a High-Resolution Model." Journal of Climate, 25 (23): 8341-8352 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00412.1]

    Rienecker, M. M., M. J. Suarez, R. Gelaro, et al. R. Todling, J. Bacmeister, E. Liu, M. G. Bosilovich, S. D. Schubert, L. Takacs, G.-K. Kim, S. Bloom, J. Chen, D. Collins, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, J. Joiner, R. D. Koster, R. Lucchesi, A. Molod, T. Owens, S. Pawson, P. Pegion, C. R. Redder, R. H. Reichle, F. R. Robertson, A. G. Ruddick, M. Sienkiewicz, and J. Woollen. 2011. "MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications." J. Climate, 24 (14): 3624-3648 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00015.1]

    Hurwitz, M. M., I. S. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. A. Newman, A. Molod, S. M. Frith, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys, 11: 9743-9767.

    Hurwitz, M., I. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. Newman, A. Molod, S. Frith, and J. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 (18): 9659-9669 [10.5194/acp-11-9659-2011]

    Hurwitz, M., P. Newman, L. D. Oman, and A. Molod. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic Stratosphere to Two Types of El Niño Events." J Atmos Sci, 68 (4): 812-822 [10.1175/2011JAS3606.1]

    Pawson, S., K. Kodera, K. Hamilton, et al. T. G. Shepherd, S. R. Beagley, B. A. Boville, J. D. Farrara, T. D. Fairlie, A. Kitoh, W. A. Lahoz, U. Langematz, E. Manzini, D. H. Rind, A. A. Scaife, K. Shibata, P. Simon, R. Swinbank, L. Takacs, R. J. Wilson, J. A. Al-Saadi, H. Amodei, M. Chiba, L. Coy, J. de Grandpré, R. S. Eckman, M. Fiorino, W. L. Grose, H. Koide, J. N. Koshyk, D. Li, J. Lerner, J. D. Mahlman, N. A. McFarlane, C. R. Mechoso, A. Molod, A. O'Neill, R. B. Pierce, W. J. Randel, R. B. Rood, and F. Wuh. 2000. "The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial results." Bull Amer Meteorol Soc, 81: 781-796.

    Pickering, K. E., A. M. Thompson, W.-K. Tao, et al. R. B. Rood, D. P. McNamara, and A. M. Molod. 1995. "Vertical transport by convective clouds: Comparisons of three modeling approaches." Geophys. Res. Lett., 22: 1089-1092:

    Sud, Y. C., A. Molod, and A. M. Molod. 1988. "A GCM simulation study of the influence of Saharan evapotranspiration and surface-albedo anomalies on July circulation and rainfall." Mon. Wea. Rev., 116 (11): 2388-2400 [10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<2388:AGSSOT>2.0.CO;2]

    Sud, Y. C., and A. Molod. 1988. "The roles of dry convection and cloud radiation feedback processes and the influence of recent improvements in the parameterization of convection in the GLA GCM." Mon. Wea. Rev., 11: 2366-2387.

    Non-Refereed

    Kouatchou, J., A. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, and T. Clune. 2015. "GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide." GMAO Office Note 8:

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10): 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

    Publications

    Refereed

    Stanfield, R. E., H. Su, J. H. Jiang, et al. S. R. Freitas, A. M. Molod, Z. J. Luo, L. Huang, and M. Luo. 2019. "Convective entrainment rates estimated from Aura CO and CloudSat/CALIPSO observations and comparison with GEOS‐5." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2019JD030846 [10.1029/2019jd030846]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, R. M. Kovach, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The roles of climate change and climate variability in the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season." Scientific Reports 8 [10.1038/s41598-018-34343-5]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, Y. Chang, A. M. Molod, and S. Pawson. 2018. "The impact of SST-forced and unforced teleconnections on 2015/16 El Nino winter precipitation over the western United States." Journal of Climate 31 (15): 5825-5844 [10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0218.1]

    Eastham, S. D., M. S. Long, C. A. Keller, et al. E. Lundgren, R. M. Yantosca, J. Zhuang, C. Li, C. J. Lee, M. Yannetti, B. M. Auer, T. L. Clune, J. Kouatchou, W. M. Putman, M. A. Thompson, A. L. Trayanov, A. M. Molod, R. V. Martin, and D. J. Jacob. 2018. "GEOS-Chem High Performance (GCHP v11-02c): a next-generation implementation of the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model for massively parallel applications." Geoscientific Model Development 11 (7): 2941-2953 [10.5194/gmd-11-2941-2018]

    Freitas, S. R., G. A. Grell, A. Molod, et al. M. A. Thompson, W. M. Putman, C. M. Santos e Silva, and E. P. Souza. 2018. "Assessing the Grell-Freitas Convection Parameterization in the NASA GEOS Modeling System." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems [10.1029/2017ms001251]

    Nielsen, J. E., S. Pawson, A. Molod, et al. B. Auer, A. M. da Silva, A. R. Douglass, B. Duncan, Q. Liang, M. Manyin, L. D. Oman, W. Putman, S. E. Strahan, and K. Wargan. 2017. "Chemical Mechanisms and Their Applications in the Goddard Earth Observing System (GEOS) Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems [10.1002/2017ms001011]

    Orbe, C., L. D. Oman, S. E. Strahan, et al. D. W. Waugh, S. Pawson, L. L. Takacs, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Large-Scale Atmospheric Transport in GEOS Replay Simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 9 (7): 2545-2560 [10.1002/2017ms001053]

    Barahona, D., A. Molod, and H. Kalesse. 2017. "Direct estimation of the global distribution of vertical velocity within cirrus clouds." Scientific Reports 7 (1): 6840 [10.1038/s41598-017-07038-6]

    Gelaro, R., W. McCarty, M. J. Suárez, et al. R. Todling, A. Molod, L. Takacs, C. Randles, A. Darmenov, M. G. Bosilovich, R. Reichle, K. Wargan, L. Coy, R. Cullather, C. Draper, S. Akella, V. Buchard, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, G.-K. Kim, R. Koster, R. Lucchesi, D. Merkova, J. E. Nielsen, G. Partyka, S. Pawson, W. Putman, M. Rienecker, S. D. Schubert, M. Sienkiewicz, and B. Zhao. 2017. "The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)." Journal of Climate 30 5419–5454 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0758.1]

    Kouatchou, J., T. L. Clune, B. M. Auer, J. E. Nielsen, and A. M. Molod. 2017. "Parallel Performance Analysis of Two Infrastructure Frameworks for GMI Chemistry." American Meteorological Society’s Third Symposium on High Performance Computing for Weather, Water, and Climate

    Bosilovich, M. G., F. R. Robertson, L. Takacs, A. Molod, and D. M. Mocko. 2017. "Atmospheric water balance and variability in the MERRA-2 reanalysis." J. Climate 30 (4): 1177-1196 [10.1175/jcli-d-16-0338.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. A. M. Molod, M. J. Suarez, and B. M. Auer. 2016. "Large-scale controls on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity on seasonal time scales." Journal of Climate 29 6727-6749 [10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0098.1]

    Holt, L. A., M. Joan Alexander, L. Coy, et al. A. Molod, W. Putman, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Tropical waves and the quasi-biennial oscillation in a 7-km global climate simulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73 3771–3783 [10.1175/jas-d-15-0350.1]

    Ott, L. E., B. N. Duncan, A. M. Thompson, et al. G. Diskin, Z. Fasnacht, A. O. Langford, M. Lin, A. M. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, S. E. Pusede, K. Wargan, A. J. Weinheimer, and Y. Yoshida. 2016. "Frequency and impact of summertime stratospheric intrusions over Maryland during DISCOVER-AQ (2011): New evidence from NASA's GEOS-5 simulations." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. [10.1002/2015jd024052]

    Coy, L., K. Wargan, A. M. Molod, W. R. McCarty, and S. Pawson. 2016. "Structure and Dynamics of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in MERRA-2." J. Climate 29:14 5339-5354 [10.1175/jcli-d-15-0809.1]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, S. M. Nowicki, et al. J. N. Lee, A. M. Molod, R. I. Cullather, and B. Zhao. 2016. "Atmospheric summer teleconnections and Greenland ice sheet surface mass variations: Insights from MERRA-2." Environmental Research Letters 11 (2): [10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024002]

    Molod, A., H. Salmun, and M. Dempsey. 2015. "Estimating Planetary Boundary Layer Heights from NOAA Profiler Network Wind Profiler Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32 (9): 1545-1561 [10.1175/jtech-d-14-00155.1]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., A. M. Molod, L. E. Ott, and S. Pawson. 2015. "Impact of planetary boundary layer turbulence on model climate and tracer transport." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 15 (13): 7269-7286 [10.5194/acp-15-7269-2015]

    Molod, A. M., L. L. Takacs, M. J. Suarez, and J. Bacmeister. 2015. "Development of the GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model: evolution from MERRA to MERRA2 ." Geosci. Model Dev. 8 1339-1356 [10.5194/gmd-8-1339-2015]

    Lim, Y.-K., S. D. Schubert, O. Reale, et al. M.-I. Lee, A. M. Molod, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "Sensitivity of tropical cyclones to parameterized convection in the NASA GEOS-5 model." J. Climate 28 (2): 551-573 [10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00104.1]

    McGrath-Spangler, E. L., and A. M. Molod. 2014. "Comparison of GEOS-5 AGCM planetary boundary layer depths computed with various definitions." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14 (13): 6717-6727 [Full Text (Link)] [10.5194/acp-14-6717-2014]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2014. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. 7 1733-1766 [10.5194/gmd-7-1733-2014]

    Lyapustin, A. I., M. J. Alexander, L. E. Ott, et al. A. M. Molod, B. N. Holben, J. Susskind, and Y. Wang. 2014. "Observation of mountain lee waves with MODIS NIR column water vapor." Geophys. Res. Lett. 41 (2): 710-716 [10.1002/2013GL058770]

    Barahona, D., A. M. Molod, J. Bacmeister, et al. A. Nenes, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, V. Phillips, and A. F. Eichmann. 2013. "Development of two-moment cloud microphysics for liquid and ice within the NASA Goddard earth observing system model (GEOS-5)." Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss. 6 5289-5373

    Blackburn, M., D. L. Williamson, K. Nakajim, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): CONTROL SST Simulation." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan 91A (0): 17-56 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A02]

    Williamson, D. L., M. Blackburn, K. Nakajima, et al. W. Ohfuchi, Y. O. Takahashi, Y.-Y. Hayashi, H. Nakamura, M. Ishiwatari, J. L. McGregor, H. Borth, V. Wirth, H. Frank, P. Bechtold, N. P. Wedi, H. Tomita, M. Satoh, M. Zhao, I. M. Held, M. J. Suarez, M.-I. Lee, M. Watanabe, M. Kimoto, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, A. Molod, K. Rajendran, A. Kitoh, and R. Stratton. 2013. "The Aqua-Planet Experiment (APE): Response to Changed Meridional SST Profile." J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan 91A (0): 57-89 [10.2151/jmsj.2013-A03]

    Molod, A. M., M. J. Suarez, and G. Partyka. 2013. "The impact of limiting ocean roughness on GEOS-5 AGCM tropical cyclone forecasts." Geophysical Research Letters 40 (2): 411-416 [10.1029/2012GL053979]

    Lewis, J. R., E. J. Welton, A. M. Molod, and E. Joseph. 2013. "Improved boundary layer depth retrievals from MPLNET." J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 118 (17): 9870-9879 [10.1002/jgrd.50570]

    Zhang, M., C. S. Bretherton, P. N. Blossey, et al. P. H. Austin, J. T. Bacmeister, S. Bony, F. Brient, S. K. Cheedela, A. Cheng, A. D. Del Genio, S. R. De Roode, S. Endo, C. N. Franklin, J.-C. Golaz, C. Hannay, T. Heus, F. A. Isotta, J. L. Dufresne, I.-S. Kang, H. Awai, M. Koehler, V. E. Larson, Y. Liu, A. P. Lock, U. Lohmann, M. F. Khairoutdinov, A. M. Molod, R. A. Neggers, P. Rasch, I. Sandu, R. Senkbeil, A. P. Siebesma, C. Siegenthaler-Le Drian, B. Stevens, M. J. Suarez, K. M. Xu, K. von Salzen, M. J. Webb, A. Wolf, and M. Zhao. 2013. "CGILS: Results from the first phase of an international project to understand the physical mechanisms of low cloud feedbacks in single column models." J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. 5 (4): 826-842 [10.1002/2013MS000246]

    Garfinkel, C. I., L. D. Oman, E. A. Barnes, et al. D. W. Waugh, M. M. Hurwitz, and A. M. Molod. 2013. "Connections between the Spring Breakup of the Southern Hemisphere Polar Vortex, Stationary Waves, and Air–Sea Roughness." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 70 (7): 2137-2151 [10.1175/JAS-D-12-0242.1]

    Molod, A. 2012. "Constraints on the Profiles of Total Water PDF in AGCMs from AIRS and a High-Resolution Model." Journal of Climate 25 (23): 8341-8352 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00412.1]

    Rienecker, M. M., M. J. Suarez, R. Gelaro, et al. R. Todling, J. Bacmeister, E. Liu, M. G. Bosilovich, S. D. Schubert, L. Takacs, G.-K. Kim, S. Bloom, J. Chen, D. Collins, A. Conaty, A. da Silva, W. Gu, J. Joiner, R. D. Koster, R. Lucchesi, A. Molod, T. Owens, S. Pawson, P. Pegion, C. R. Redder, R. H. Reichle, F. R. Robertson, A. G. Ruddick, M. Sienkiewicz, and J. Woollen. 2011. "MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications." J. Climate 24 (14): 3624-3648 [10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00015.1]

    Hurwitz, M. M., I. S. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. A. Newman, A. Molod, S. M. Frith, and J. E. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys 11 9743-9767

    Hurwitz, M., I. Song, L. D. Oman, et al. P. Newman, A. Molod, S. Frith, and J. Nielsen. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic stratosphere to warm pool El Niño Events in the GEOS CCM." Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11 (18): 9659-9669 [10.5194/acp-11-9659-2011]

    Hurwitz, M., P. Newman, L. D. Oman, and A. Molod. 2011. "Response of the Antarctic Stratosphere to Two Types of El Niño Events." J Atmos Sci 68 (4): 812-822 [10.1175/2011JAS3606.1]

    Pawson, S., K. Kodera, K. Hamilton, et al. T. G. Shepherd, S. R. Beagley, B. A. Boville, J. D. Farrara, T. D. Fairlie, A. Kitoh, W. A. Lahoz, U. Langematz, E. Manzini, D. H. Rind, A. A. Scaife, K. Shibata, P. Simon, R. Swinbank, L. Takacs, R. J. Wilson, J. A. Al-Saadi, H. Amodei, M. Chiba, L. Coy, J. de Grandpré, R. S. Eckman, M. Fiorino, W. L. Grose, H. Koide, J. N. Koshyk, D. Li, J. Lerner, J. D. Mahlman, N. A. McFarlane, C. R. Mechoso, A. Molod, A. O'Neill, R. B. Pierce, W. J. Randel, R. B. Rood, and F. Wuh. 2000. "The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial results." Bull Amer Meteorol Soc 81 781-796.

    Pickering, K. E., A. M. Thompson, W.-K. Tao, et al. R. B. Rood, D. P. McNamara, and A. M. Molod. 1995. "Vertical transport by convective clouds: Comparisons of three modeling approaches." Geophys. Res. Lett. 22: 1089-1092

    Sud, Y. C., A. Molod, and A. M. Molod. 1988. "A GCM simulation study of the influence of Saharan evapotranspiration and surface-albedo anomalies on July circulation and rainfall." Mon. Wea. Rev. 116 (11): 2388-2400 [10.1175/1520-0493(1988)116<2388:AGSSOT>2.0.CO;2]

    Sud, Y. C., and A. Molod. 1988. "The roles of dry convection and cloud radiation feedback processes and the influence of recent improvements in the parameterization of convection in the GLA GCM." Mon. Wea. Rev. 11 2366-2387

    Non-Refereed

    Kouatchou, J., A. Molod, J. E. Nielsen, and T. Clune. 2015. "GEOS-5 Chemistry Transport Model User's Guide." GMAO Office Note 8

    Bosilovich, M. G., S. R. Akella, L. Coy, et al. R. I. Cullather, C. S. Draper, R. Gelaro, R. M. Kovach, Q. Liu, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, K. Wargan, C. Yang, R. H. Reichle, L. L. Takacs, Y. V. Vikhliaev, S. C. Bloom, A. Collow, S. Firth, G. J. Labow, G. S. Partyka, S. Pawson, O. Reale, S. D. Schubert, and M. J. Suarez. 2015. "MERRA-2: Initial Evaluation of the Climate." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 43 (NASA/TM–2015–10) 139 pp.

    Gelaro, R., W. M. Putman, S. Pawson, et al. C. S. Draper, A. M. Molod, P. M. Norris, L. E. Ott, N. C. Privé, O. Reale, D. Achuthavarier, M. G. Bosilovich, V. J. Buchard, W. C. Chao, L. Coy, R. I. Cullather, A. M. Da Silva, A. S. Darmenov, R. M. Errico, M. Fuentes, M.-J. Kim, R. D. Koster, W. R. Mccarty, J. Nattala, G. S. Partyka, S. D. Schubert, G. R. Vernieres, Y. V. Vikhliaev, and K. Wargan. 2015. "Evaluation of the 7-km GEOS-5 Nature Run." NASA Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation 36 (NASA/TM-2014-104606):

                                                                                                                                                                                            
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