Gordon L Bjoraker

Gordon L Bjoraker

  • (AST, PLANETARY STUDIES)
  • 301.286.3139 | 301.286.0212
  • NASA/GSFC
  • Mail Code: 693
  • Greenbelt , MD 20771
  • Employer: NASA
  • Brief Bio

    RESEARCH AREAS
    Planetary atmospheres, infrared spectroscopy, gas composition
    EDUCATION
    Ph.D., Planetary Sciences, Univ. of Arizona, 1985.
    CURRENT POSITION and AWARDS
    Space Scientist, NASA/GSFC Planetary Systems Laboratory 1986-date
    Co-Investigator for the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer 1990-2019
    Juno Participating Scientist 2019-date
    NASA/GSFC John C. Lindsay Award, 1996.

    SELECTED RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS

    Bjoraker, G. L., H. P. Larson, and V. G. Kunde 1986a. The Gas Composition of Jupiter Derived
    from 5 Micron Airborne Spectroscopic Observations. Icarus 66, 579-609.
    Bjoraker, G. L., H. P. Larson, and V. G. Kunde 1986b. The Abundance and Distribution of Water
    Vapor in Jupiter's Atmosphere. Astrophys. J. 311, 1058-1072.
    Bjoraker, G. L., S. R. Stolovy, T. L. Herter, G. E. Gull, and B. E. Pirger 1996. Detection of water
    after the collision of fragments G and K of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter. Icarus
    121, 411-421.
    Bjoraker, G. L., M. H. Wong, I. de Pater, and M. Adamkovics 2015. Jupiter’s Deep Cloud Structure
    Revealed Using Keck Observations of Spectrally Resolved Line Shapes. Astrophys. J. 810, 122-131.
    Bjoraker, G. L., Wong, M. H., de Pater, I., Hewagama, T., Adamkovics, M., and Orton, G. S. 2018. The
    Gas Composition and Deep Cloud Structure of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. Astron. J. 156, 101-115.
    Cottini, V., and the CIRS team 2012. Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS
    far-infrared spectra. Icarus 220, 855-862.
    de Pater, I. ... Bjoraker, G. L. and 17 other co-authors 2019. First ALMA Millimeter Wavelength Maps
    of Jupiter, with a Multi-Wavelength Study of Convection. Astron. J. 158, 139-155.
    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, ... 2012. Elusive ethylene detected in Saturn’s northern storm region.
    Astrophys. J. 760:24, 1-7.
    Jennings, D. E., … G. L. Bjoraker, … 2017. Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini.
    Applied Optics 56, 5274.
    Lellouch, E., B. Bezard, D. F. Strobel, G. L. Bjoraker, F. M. Flasar, and P. N. Romani 2006. On the
    HCN and CO2 abundance and distribution in Jupiter’s stratosphere. Icarus 184, 478-497.
    Pierel, J. D. R., … G. L. Bjoraker, … 2017. D/H ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS,
    Astron. J. 154, 178.
    Skemer, A. J., …G. L. Bjoraker, … 2016. The first spectrum of the coldest brown dwarf.
    Astrophys. J. Let. 826, L17.
    Sylvestre M., … G. L. Bjoraker 2015. Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from
    Cassini/CIRS limb observations. Icarus 258, 224-238.
     

    Education

    University of Wisconsin Physics B.S. June 1978

    University of Arizona Planetary Sciences Ph.D., May, 1985

    Professional Service

    Service to the scientific community: I perform service to the planetary science community each year by serving on review panels, reviewing proposals as an external reviewer, and refereeing journal articles.

    Radiative Transfer: I have maintained and upgraded a spectrum synthesis program for use in modeling the atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, and Titan. This is used at Goddard, Cornell, Univ. of Arizona, and New Mexico State Univ.

    Awards

    NASA GSFC John C. Lindsay award 1996

    Publications

    Refereed

    Pearl, J., C. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, et al. S. Aslam, S. Calcutt, M. Kaelberer, N. Gorius, R. Achterberg, P. Romani, G. Bjoraker, and F. Flasar. 2023. "Cassini Composite InfraRed Spectrometer: correcting an offset error and refining the pointing parameters for the mid-infrared detectors." Applied Optics, 62 (22): 5882-5888 [10.1364/ao.491970]

    Zhang, Z., V. Adumitroaie, M. Allison, et al. J. Arballo, S. Atreya, G. Bjoraker, S. Bolton, S. Brown, L. N. Fletcher, T. Guillot, S. Gulkis, A. Hodges, A. Ingersoll, M. Janssen, S. Levin, C. Li, L. Li, J. Lunine, S. Misra, G. Orton, F. Oyafuso, P. Steffes, and M. H. Wong. 2020. "Residual Study: Testing Jupiter Atmosphere Models Against Juno MWR Observations." Earth and Space Science, 7 (9): [10.1029/2020ea001229]

    Wong, M. H., A. A. Simon, J. W. Tollefson, et al. I. de Pater, M. N. Barnett, A. I. Hsu, A. W. Stephens, G. S. Orton, S. W. Fleming, C. Goullaud, W. Januszewski, A. Roman, G. L. Bjoraker, S. K. Atreya, A. Adriani, and L. N. Fletcher. 2020. "High-resolution UV/Optical/IR Imaging of Jupiter in 2016–2019." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 247 (2): 58 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab775f]

    Holler, B. J., S. N. Milam, J. M. Bauer, et al. C. Alcock, M. T. Bannister, G. L. Bjoraker, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon, and L. C. Quick. 2018. "Solar system science with the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope." Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 4 (03): 1 [10.1117/1.jatis.4.3.034003]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, M. Ádámkovics, et al. B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, T. Cornet, A. G. Hayes, E. Lellouch, M. T. Lemmon, M. López-Puertas, S. Rodriguez, C. Sotin, N. A. Teanby, E. P. Turtle, and R. A. West. 2016. "Titan Science with theJames Webb Space Telescope." Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 128 (959): 018007 [10.1088/1538-3873/128/959/018007]

    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, P. V. Sada, et al. R. K. Achterberg, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. W. Lunsford, L. N. Fletcher, R. J. Boyle, A. A. Simon-Miller, P. G. Irwin, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "Elusive Ethylene Detected in Saturn's Northern Storm Region." Astrophysical Journal, 760:24: [10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/24]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus, 221: 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, P. Irwin, et al. K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. Sanchez-Lavega, F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, G. S. Orton, A. Simon-Miller, R. Hueso, G. Bjoraker, A. Mamoutkine, T. del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, J. M. Gomez, R. H. Brown, B. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin. 2011. "Thermal Structure and Dynamics of Saturn’s Northern Springtime Disturbance." Science, 332: 1413-1417.

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, C. A. Nixon, et al. A. Mamoutkine, R. C. Carlson, D. E. Jennings, E. A. Guandique, N. A. Teanby, G. L. Bjoraker, F. Michael Flasar, and V. G. Kunde. 2010. "Analysis of Cassini/CIRS limb spectra of Titan acquired during the nominal mission." Icarus, 205 (2): 559-570 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.08.013]

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res, 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

    Jennings, D. E., P. N. Romani, G. L. Bjoraker, et al. P. V. Sada, C. A. Nixon, A. W. Lunsford, R. J. Boyle, B. E. Hesman, and G. H. McCabe. 2009. "12C/13C Ratio in Ethane on Titan and Implications for Methane’s Replenishment†." The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 113 (42): 11101-11106 [10.1021/jp903637d]

    Coustenis, A., S. K. Atreya, T. Balint, et al. R. H. Brown, M. K. Dougherty, F. Ferri, M. Fulchignoni, D. Gautier, R. A. Gowen, C. A. Griffith, L. I. Gurvits, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, M. R. Leese, J. I. Lunine, C. P. McKay, X. Moussas, I. Müller-Wodarg, F. Neubauer, T. C. Owen, F. Raulin, E. C. Sittler, F. Sohl, C. Sotin, G. Tobie, T. Tokano, E. P. Turtle, J. Wahlund, J. H. Waite, K. H. Baines, J. Blamont, A. J. Coates, I. Dandouras, T. Krimigis, E. Lellouch, R. D. Lorenz, A. Morse, C. C. Porco, M. Hirtzig, J. Saur, T. Spilker, J. C. Zarnecki, E. Choi, N. Achilleos, R. Amils, P. Annan, D. H. Atkinson, Y. Bénilan, C. Bertucci, B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, M. Blanc, L. Boireau, J. Bouman, M. Cabane, M. T. Capria, E. Chassefière, P. Coll, M. Combes, J. F. Cooper, A. Coradini, F. Crary, T. Cravens, I. A. Daglis, E. de Angelis, C. de Bergh, I. de Pater, C. Dunford, G. Durry, O. Dutuit, D. Fairbrother, F. M. Flasar, A. D. Fortes, R. Frampton, M. Fujimoto, M. Galand, O. Grasset, M. Grott, T. Haltigin, A. Herique, F. Hersant, H. Hussmann, W. Ip, R. Johnson, E. Kallio, S. Kempf, M. Knapmeyer, W. Kofman, R. Koop, T. Kostiuk, N. Krupp, M. Küppers, H. Lammer, L. Lara, P. Lavvas, S. Le Mouélic, S. Lebonnois, S. Ledvina, J. Li, T. A. Livengood, R. M. Lopes, J. Lopez-Moreno, D. Luz, P. R. Mahaffy, U. Mall, J. Martinez-Frias, B. Marty, T. McCord, C. Menor Salvan, A. Milillo, D. G. Mitchell, R. Modolo, O. Mousis, M. Nakamura, C. D. Neish, C. A. Nixon, D. Nna Mvondo, G. Orton, M. Paetzold, J. Pitman, S. Pogrebenko, W. Pollard, O. Prieto-Ballesteros, P. Rannou, K. Reh, L. Richter, F. T. Robb, R. Rodrigo, S. Rodriguez, P. Romani, M. Ruiz Bermejo, E. T. Sarris, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, N. Schmitz, D. Schulze-Makuch, K. Schwingenschuh, A. Selig, B. Sicardy, L. Soderblom, L. J. Spilker, D. Stam, A. Steele, K. Stephan, D. F. Strobel, K. Szego, C. Szopa, R. Thissen, M. G. Tomasko, D. Toublanc, H. Vali, I. Vardavas, V. Vuitton, R. A. West, R. Yelle, and E. F. Young. 2009. "TandEM: Titan and Enceladus mission." Experimental Astronomy, 23: 893 [Full Text (Link)] [10.1007/s10686-008-9103-z]

    Hesman, B. E., D. E. Jennings, P. V. Sada, et al. G. L. Bjoraker, R. K. Achterberg, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. M. Anderson, R. J. Boyle, and L. A. Fletcher. 2009. "Saturn’s Latitudinal C2H2 and C2H6 Abundance Profiles from Cassini/CIRS and Ground-Based Observations." Icarus, 202: 249-259.

    Fletcher, L. N., P. G. Irwin, G. S. Orton, et al. N. A. Teanby, R. K. Achterberg, G. L. Bjoraker, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, C. Howett, R. de Kok, N. Bowles, S. B. Calcutt, B. Hesman, and F. M. Flasar. 2008. "Temperature and Composition of Saturn's Polar Hotspots and Hexagon." Science, 319: 79-81.

    Flasar, F. M., R. Achterberg, B. Conrath, et al. P. Gierasch, V. Kunde, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, D. Jennings, P. Romani, A. Simon-Miller, B. Bezard, A. Coustenis, P. Irwin, N. Teanby, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. Segura, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, P. Schinder, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, S. Vinatier, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. Samuelson, G. Orton, L. Spilker, T. Owen, J. Spencer, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, S. Edgington, P. Ade, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Titan's Atmospheric Temperatures, Winds, and Composition." Science, 308 (5724): 975-978. [10.1126/science.1111150]

    Flasar, F. M., R. K. Achterberg, B. J. Conrath, et al. J. C. Pearl, G. L. Bjoraker, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. A. Simon-Miller, V. G. Kunde, C. A. Nixon, B. Bezard, G. Orton, L. Spilker, J. R. Spencer, P. G. Irwin, N. A. Teanby, T. Owen, J. C. Brasunas, M. E. Segura, R. C. Carlson, A. A. Mamoutkine, P. Gierasch, P. Schinder, M. Showalter, C. Ferrari, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, T. Fouchet, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, D. Strobel, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, N. Bowles, R. E. Samuelson, M. Abbas, F. Raulin, P. Ade, S. Edgington, S. Pilorz, B. Wallis, and E. Wishnow. 2005. "Temperatures, Winds, and Composition in the Saturnian System." Science, 307 (5713): 1247-1251 [10.1126/science.1105806]

    Seo, H., S. J. Kim, W. K. Choi, T. Kostiuk, and G. Bjoraker. 2005. "Stratospheric Images of Jupiter Derived from Hydrocarbon Emissions in Voyager 1 and 2 IRIS Spectra." Journal of the Korean Astronomical Society, 38: 471–487.

    Kunde, V., F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, et al. B. Bezard, D. Strobel, B. Conrath, C. Nixon, G. Bjoraker, P. Romani, R. Achterberg, A. Simon-Miller, P. Irwin, J. Brasunas, J. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, P. Gierasch, L. Spilker, R. Carlson, A. Mamoutkine, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, T. Fouchet, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "Jupiter's Atmospheric Composition from the Cassini Thermal Infrared Spectroscopy Experiment." Science, 305 (5690): 1582-1586. [10.1126/science.1100240]

    Flasar, F. M., V. G. Kunde, R. K. Achterberg, et al. B. J. Conrath, A. A. Simon, C. A. Nixon, P. Gierasch, P. N. Romani, B. Bezard, P. G. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, J. C. Brasunas, D. E. Jennings, J. C. Pearl, M. D. Smith, G. Orton, L. Spilker, R. C. Carlson, S. Calcutt, P. Read, F. Taylor, P. Parrish, A. Barucci, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, D. Gautier, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, R. Prange, Y. Biraud, T. Fouchet, C. Ferrari, T. Owen, M. Abbas, R. E. Samuelson, F. Raulin, P. Ade, C. Cesarsky, K. Grossman, and A. Coradini. 2004. "An Intense Stratospheric Jet on Jupiter." Nature, 427: 132-135 [10.1038/nature02142]

    Flasar, F. M., V. Kunde, M. Abbas, et al. R. Achterberg, P. Ade, A. Barucci, B. Bezard, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, S. Calcutt, R. Carlson, C. Cesarsky, B. J. Conrath, A. Coradini, R. Courtin, A. Coustenis, S. Edberg, S. Edgington, C. Ferrari, D. Gautier, P. Gierasch, K. Grossman, P. Irwin, D. Jennings, E. Lellouch, A. Marten, J. Meyer, C. Nixon, G. Orton, T. Owen, J. Pearl, R. Prange, F. Raulin, P. Read, P. Romani, R. Samuelson, M. Segura, M. Showalter, A. Simon-Miller, M. D. Smith, J. Spencer, L. Spilker, and F. Taylor. 2004. "Exploring the Saturn System in the Thermal Infrared: The Composite Infrared Spectrometer." Space Science Reviews, 115 (1-4): 169-297 [10.1007/s11214-004-1454-9 ]

    Kostiuk, T., D. Buhl, F. Espenak, et al. P. Romani, G. Bjoraker, K. Fast, T. Livengood, and D. Zipoy. 1996. "Stratospheric Ammonia on Jupiter after the SL9 Collision." Icarus, 121 (2): 431-441 [10.1006/icar.1996.0098]

    Brief Bio

    RESEARCH AREAS
    Planetary atmospheres, infrared spectroscopy, gas composition
    EDUCATION
    Ph.D., Planetary Sciences, Univ. of Arizona, 1985.
    CURRENT POSITION and AWARDS
    Space Scientist, NASA/GSFC Planetary Systems Laboratory 1986-date
    Co-Investigator for the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer 1990-2019
    Juno Participating Scientist 2019-date
    NASA/GSFC John C. Lindsay Award, 1996.

    SELECTED RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS

    Bjoraker, G. L., H. P. Larson, and V. G. Kunde 1986a. The Gas Composition of Jupiter Derived
    from 5 Micron Airborne Spectroscopic Observations. Icarus 66, 579-609.
    Bjoraker, G. L., H. P. Larson, and V. G. Kunde 1986b. The Abundance and Distribution of Water
    Vapor in Jupiter's Atmosphere. Astrophys. J. 311, 1058-1072.
    Bjoraker, G. L., S. R. Stolovy, T. L. Herter, G. E. Gull, and B. E. Pirger 1996. Detection of water
    after the collision of fragments G and K of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter. Icarus
    121, 411-421.
    Bjoraker, G. L., M. H. Wong, I. de Pater, and M. Adamkovics 2015. Jupiter’s Deep Cloud Structure
    Revealed Using Keck Observations of Spectrally Resolved Line Shapes. Astrophys. J. 810, 122-131.
    Bjoraker, G. L., Wong, M. H., de Pater, I., Hewagama, T., Adamkovics, M., and Orton, G. S. 2018. The
    Gas Composition and Deep Cloud Structure of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. Astron. J. 156, 101-115.
    Cottini, V., and the CIRS team 2012. Water vapor in Titan’s stratosphere from Cassini CIRS
    far-infrared spectra. Icarus 220, 855-862.
    de Pater, I. ... Bjoraker, G. L. and 17 other co-authors 2019. First ALMA Millimeter Wavelength Maps
    of Jupiter, with a Multi-Wavelength Study of Convection. Astron. J. 158, 139-155.
    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, ... 2012. Elusive ethylene detected in Saturn’s northern storm region.
    Astrophys. J. 760:24, 1-7.
    Jennings, D. E., … G. L. Bjoraker, … 2017. Composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) on Cassini.
    Applied Optics 56, 5274.
    Lellouch, E., B. Bezard, D. F. Strobel, G. L. Bjoraker, F. M. Flasar, and P. N. Romani 2006. On the
    HCN and CO2 abundance and distribution in Jupiter’s stratosphere. Icarus 184, 478-497.
    Pierel, J. D. R., … G. L. Bjoraker, … 2017. D/H ratios on Saturn and Jupiter from Cassini CIRS,
    Astron. J. 154, 178.
    Skemer, A. J., …G. L. Bjoraker, … 2016. The first spectrum of the coldest brown dwarf.
    Astrophys. J. Let. 826, L17.
    Sylvestre M., … G. L. Bjoraker 2015. Seasonal changes in Saturn’s stratosphere inferred from
    Cassini/CIRS limb observations. Icarus 258, 224-238.
     

    Publications

    Refereed

    Pearl, J., C. Nixon, D. E. Jennings, et al. S. Aslam, S. Calcutt, M. Kaelberer, N. Gorius, R. Achterberg, P. Romani, G. Bjoraker, and F. Flasar. 2023. "Cassini Composite InfraRed Spectrometer: correcting an offset error and refining the pointing parameters for the mid-infrared detectors." Applied Optics 62 (22): 5882-5888 [10.1364/ao.491970]

    Zhang, Z., V. Adumitroaie, M. Allison, et al. J. Arballo, S. Atreya, G. Bjoraker, S. Bolton, S. Brown, L. N. Fletcher, T. Guillot, S. Gulkis, A. Hodges, A. Ingersoll, M. Janssen, S. Levin, C. Li, L. Li, J. Lunine, S. Misra, G. Orton, F. Oyafuso, P. Steffes, and M. H. Wong. 2020. "Residual Study: Testing Jupiter Atmosphere Models Against Juno MWR Observations." Earth and Space Science 7 (9): [10.1029/2020ea001229]

    Wong, M. H., A. A. Simon, J. W. Tollefson, et al. I. de Pater, M. N. Barnett, A. I. Hsu, A. W. Stephens, G. S. Orton, S. W. Fleming, C. Goullaud, W. Januszewski, A. Roman, G. L. Bjoraker, S. K. Atreya, A. Adriani, and L. N. Fletcher. 2020. "High-resolution UV/Optical/IR Imaging of Jupiter in 2016–2019." The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 247 (2): 58 [10.3847/1538-4365/ab775f]

    Holler, B. J., S. N. Milam, J. M. Bauer, et al. C. Alcock, M. T. Bannister, G. L. Bjoraker, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon, and L. C. Quick. 2018. "Solar system science with the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope." Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems 4 (03): 1 [10.1117/1.jatis.4.3.034003]

    Nixon, C. A., R. K. Achterberg, M. Ádámkovics, et al. B. Bézard, G. L. Bjoraker, T. Cornet, A. G. Hayes, E. Lellouch, M. T. Lemmon, M. López-Puertas, S. Rodriguez, C. Sotin, N. A. Teanby, E. P. Turtle, and R. A. West. 2016. "Titan Science with theJames Webb Space Telescope." Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 128 (959): 018007 [10.1088/1538-3873/128/959/018007]

    Hesman, B. E., G. L. Bjoraker, P. V. Sada, et al. R. K. Achterberg, D. E. Jennings, P. N. Romani, A. W. Lunsford, L. N. Fletcher, R. J. Boyle, A. A. Simon-Miller, P. G. Irwin, and C. A. Nixon. 2012. "Elusive Ethylene Detected in Saturn's Northern Storm Region." Astrophysical Journal 760:24 [10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/24]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, R. K. Achterberg, et al. P. Irwin, G. L. Bjoraker, N. J. Gorius, J. Hurley, J. Sinclair, G. Orton, J. Legarreta, E. Garcia-Melendo, A. Sanchez-Levega, P. L. Read, A. A. Simon-Miller, and F. M. Flasar. 2012. "The Origin and Evolution of Saturn's 2011-2012 Stratospheric Vortex." Icarus 221 560-586 [10.1016/j.icarus.2012.08.024]

    Fletcher, L. N., B. E. Hesman, P. Irwin, et al. K. H. Baines, T. W. Momary, A. Sanchez-Lavega, F. M. Flasar, P. L. Read, G. S. Orton, A. Simon-Miller, R. Hueso, G. Bjoraker, A. Mamoutkine, T. del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, J. M. Gomez, R. H. Brown, B. Buratti, R. N. Clark, P. D. Nicholson, and C. Sotin. 2011. "Thermal Structure and Dynamics of Saturn’s Northern Springtime Disturbance." Science 332 1413-1417.

    Vinatier, S., B. Bézard, C. A. Nixon, et al. A. Mamoutkine, R. C. Carlson, D. E. Jennings, E. A. Guandique, N. A. Teanby, G. L. Bjoraker, F. Michael Flasar, and V. G. Kunde. 2010. "Analysis of Cassini/CIRS limb spectra of Titan acquired during the nominal mission." Icarus 205 (2): 559-570 [10.1016/j.icarus.2009.08.013]

    Li, L., B. J. Conrath, P. J. Gierasch, et al. R. K. Achterberg, C. A. Nixon, A. A. Simon-Miller, F. M. Flasar, D. Banfield, K. H. Baines, R. A. West, A. A. Ingersoll, A. R. Vasavada, A. D. Del Genio, C. C. Porco, A. A. Mamoutkine, M. E. Segura, G. L. Bjoraker, H. S. Orton, L. N. Fletcher, P. G. Irwin, and P. L. Read. 2010. "Saturn's emitted power." J Geophys Res 115 (E11): E11002 [10.1029/2010JE003631]

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